The occurrence of polycystic kidney disease is generally due to familial genetic abnormalities. Therefore, usually the relatives of patients, more than one person disease.
According to the genetic way, divided into autosomal dominant inheritance and autosomal recessive inheritance.
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is more common in this type, usually patients for decades without any symptoms and signs, the incidence of more concentrated in the 30 to 40 years old. Therefore, this type is often referred to as "adult polycystic kidney".
As long as one of the parents has such an abnormal gene, the child will have 50% chance of suffering from the same disease. This situation, accounting for 90% of the incidence of polycystic kidney disease.
Another autosomal recessive polycystic kidney is relatively rare, usually when the child died at a very young age.
2, how to diagnose polycystic kidney disease
Usually, combined with family history, and ultrasound, CT and other imaging studies can be diagnosed.
3, polycystic kidney will have any related symptoms?
There may be: high blood pressure, back pain, abdominal pain, abdominal circumference increases, hematuria, proteinuria, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, renal failure, and other parts of the body cysts, such as liver cysts, but also because of abdominal hernia, Cerebral aneurysms, and produce the corresponding symptoms.
4, what methods can help to polycystic kidney disease?
The following aspects can be as slow as possible to delay the progress of kidney disease:
1, to improve the way of life
1) keep low salt eating habits
2), eat more fresh fruit, vegetables, whole grains
3), appropriate exercise, adhere to 30 minutes a day moderate exercise
4), quit smoking
2, control blood pressure: ACEI class antihypertensive drugs is the preferred drug. Strict blood pressure control can delay the decline of renal function, the ideal antihypertensive target of 130 / 80mmHg below.
3, the treatment of urinary tract infection: no edema when to drink plenty of water to prevent urinary tract infection and stones. Infected people need to use antibiotics.
4, genetic counseling
For a family history of polycystic kidney family members screening, is conducive to the early discovery of polycystic kidney disease. If polycystic kidney disease in patients with pregnancy, need to do the relevant genetic counseling in advance.